HEALTH

ANATOMY ALPHABET–Just for fun

A    abdomen, aorta,, adnoise, artery, arm, appendix, adipose

Adipose:  fat connective tissue in body

B     Brain, bowel, blood, bones bladder

Bladder:  hollow vessel that stores filtered urine from kidneys

C     cells, clavicle,chest, capillaries, coccyx

Coccyx:  know as the tail bone at end of spine

D     deltoid muscle, digestive tract, diaphragm

Diaphragm:  flat muscle separating thoracic cavity containing heart

and lungs from abdominal cavity.  Important in respirations.

E        ears, eyes, esophagus

Esophagus:  muscular tube connecting throat to stomach

F        femur, feet, fingers, fallopian tubes

Fallopian tubes:  in females where fertilization occurs.

G        Gallbladder:  it’s function is to store and concentrate bile. a digestion enzyme,

produced by the liver

H       head, heels, heart

Heart:   four chambers, two atria and two ventricle working together to

pump oxygenated blood to all parts of your body.

I         Instep, intestines, ileum, ilium

Ileum:  the last and usually the longest division of the small intestine’

Ilium:  the upper and widest of the three bones that make up each side

of hipbone and pelvis.

J        Two parts, upper jaw ( maxilla} which is fisxed and lower jaw (mandible}

which is moveable.  They work in opposition to bite and chew food.

K       knees, kidney

Kidney:  two in body work to filtrate waste products, regulate electrolytes and

stimulation of red blood cell production.

L        legs, liver, lymph nodes, larnyx, ligament

Ligament:  tough fibrous connective tissue which holds bone to bone.

M       Muscles:  Responsible for movement in human body.  There are 700 named

muscles which make up about half of body weight.

N        neck, nose, navel

navel:  known as the belly button, the link to your birth mother.

O       occiput:  the back of the skull

P     pancreas, pelvis, pituitary

Pituitary:  A small pea sized gland at the base of the brain.  This is the master gland

controlling the endocrine system of the body.

Q     Quadriceps:  A group of four muscles called quads in the front thigh essential for                walking and running.

R  respiratory system, ribs

Ribs:  Curved bones protecting the thoracic cavity (heart and lungs).  Twelve pair in           humans with the 11th and 12th pair half the size of the others and do not reach the            front of the body, these are called floating ribs.

S     stomach, scapula, skeleton, shoulder, spleen, sternum and skin

Skin:  Three layers, epidermis top outer layer, the dermis middle layer contains tough      connective tissue, hair follicles and sweat glands,  the deepest layer is the hypodermis      made of fat and connective tissue.  Skin keeps our body together and is a barrier                against microorganisms.

T     Thorax, tonsils, thyroid, tongue

Tongue:  Not the strongest muscle in the body as once been told, but probably the                most tireless.  Used for tasting, licking, swallowing and speech.

U     uterus, ulna, uvea

Uvea:  An inner layer of the eye which includes the iris, (colored part of the eye), the          blood vessels (choroid), and the ciliary body (the ring of muscle tissue that changes            the size of the pupil.

V     vertebra, vein

vein:  blood vessels with tiny valves to help return blood to heart for oxygenation.             When the valves get sloppy or sluggish, blood pools and causes vericose veins.

W     wrist, white blood cells

White blood cells:  Also called leukocytes are important part of immune system.                   They increase in number to attack bacteria and viruses that invade the body.

X     xiphoid:  small bone at end of sternum.

Y     Yellow marrow:  The marrow at ends of long bones in adults that is yellow with fatty          connective tissue.

Z     zygomatic bone:  The bone on each side of the face known as the cheekbone.

 

 

 

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